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Outdoor activities provide an abundance of benefits to a person’s physical and mental health. Spending time outdoors alone can be thought of as a “prescription for better health,” fostering increased concentration, more exercise, and higher vitamin D levels. Many activities enjoyed outdoors, however, may present obstacles to individuals with disabilities or impairments. Without the appropriate equipment or accessibility features, these individuals may have trouble sharing in the fun — and the health benefits.

The Architectural Barriers Act of 1968 was Congress’s first step towards combating barriers to accessibility and expanding the reach of U.S. public land and facilities to individuals with disabilities. Since then, further standards have been established by the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) to ensure that hiking trails, campgrounds, beaches, and more areas are open to people of all abilities. Specialized equipment and devices have been made to further aid accessibility, and online resources have been created to answer accessibility concerns. The regulations, adaptive equipment, and resources will be discussed in more detail below.

Accessible Camping and Hiking

Camping in cold climates presents countless opportunities for engagement and team bonding. Participating in any combination of the following events can appeal to different team members and promote communication:

snowmobile touring
Snowmobile Tour lead by guide | Image by skeeze from Pixabay

This is just a sample of the options your team has during cold-weather camping. There are plenty of other games you can host when the sun goes down, from fire building contests to cold-weather first aid training sessions. These can arm your team with more skills and help them build their sense of confidence as a group.

Preparation for cold-weather camping requires a number of additional considerations, just as any other season does. Planning should be a part of the team-building process. This includes bringing adequate supplies, meal planning, and more.

How Does This Activity Promote Team Bonding?

Throughout a camping trip, various challenges and opportunities will give team members reasons to communicate and work together. As you can see above, cold-weather camping provides countless options that allow participants to demonstrate their unique skill sets while working together for a common cause. This can give each member feelings of confidence and self-efficacy, as well as a sense of responsibility for the success of the overall team.

These are ideal feelings to strengthen the sense of solidarity within a team. If well-executed and facilitated, a winter camping trip can create long-lasting memories and team bonds.

Always do your research before heading out, and don’t be afraid to call a campground ahead of time — you may be able to make a reservation. Parks and recreation employees may also be able to provide more information regarding any lingering accessibility concerns.

ADA Accessible Hiking Trails

All new or altered pedestrian trails are required to be ADA compliant, whether they are public or private. According to ADA regulations, a trail is defined as “a route that is designed, designated, or constructed for recreational pedestrian use or provided as a pedestrian alternative to vehicular routes within a transportation system.” Pedestrian trails must be a specific tread width in respect to the amount of land available for the trail. There must also be a designated trailhead, or point of access, with information kiosks, restrooms, parking spaces, and so forth.

Resources for accessible hiking trails are included below:

Accessible Campsites

In the same vein, new or altered camping facilities are required to have a certain number of accessible units in accordance with ADA regulations. Accessible campsites ideally feature level terrain, handicapped parking spaces, and accessible restrooms and picnic tables. Some accessible campsites may also offer electrical outlets for individuals with medical devices.

Below are a few ways to find accessible campsites:

Accessible Outdoor Activities and Sports

In addition to hiking and camping, there are several adaptive outdoor sports and activities to enjoy. Using a wheelchair does not have to mean you cannot participate in these outdoor sports or activities. With the right equipment and a little creative thinking, modifications and accommodations can be made.

Adaptive Paddle Sports

Adaptive paddle sports are an excellent outdoor activity for people who use wheelchairs. Being out on the water can provide a newfound sense of independence and control. Paddle sports include kayaking, canoeing, and rafting, just to name a few.

A few modifications that can be made to increase accessibility include:

Adaptive paddle sports
Modified paddling at a lake with friends

Resources for those interested in adaptive paddle sports include:

Assisted Horseback Riding

Assisted horseback riding is suggested to have therapeutic benefits based on research performed in 2017. The research showed positive mental and physical effects on individuals with disabilities, including those with physical disabilities. Similar to adaptive paddle sports, assisted horseback riding can mimic the sensation of walking, thereby building confidence and providing some independence.

Like any sport, safety precautions must be made and the proper equipment used. Helmets, safety or breakaway stirrups, mounting platforms and ramps, and saddles made specifically for riders with disabilities with shock absorption, soft padding, and back support are common pieces of equipment needed.

Resources for those interested in assisted horseback riding include:

Adaptive Bicycling

Adaptive bicycles are designed to fit the needs of the individual rider. With a variety of bicycles to choose from, riders of all abilities can find the one that best suits them.

Types of adaptive bikes include:

Riders should always remember to use the proper safety gear, such as helmets, knee pads, gloves, and so forth, and go at their own speed and comfort.

Adaptive Skiing and Snowboarding

Adaptive skiing and snowboarding uses specialized equipment, opening up winter sports to people with a range of abilities.

Types of adaptive skiing, boarding, and snow equipment are:

Resources for those interested in adaptive skiing or boarding include:

Vehicles for Outdoor Recreation

Motorized vehicles can be used to expand access to outdoor recreation. These vehicles can range from motorized wheelchairs and mobility devices to ATVs, UTVs (Utility Terrain Vehicles), and OHVs (Off-Highway Vehicles). Each of these vehicles needs the appropriate equipment to move in and out of trucks. Loading ramps and carriers are easy ways to move and transport motorized vehicles.

According to ADA regulations, state and local governments, businesses, and nonprofits that serve the public are required to be accessible to individuals using power-driven wheelchairs or other mobility aids. This generally includes outdoor recreation areas, such as parks and other public lands. Restrictions are made only when there are legitimate safety concerns (such as terrain, facility size, etc.) or when the use of a motorized vehicle risks serious harm to environmental, natural, or cultural reserves.

Resources for those interested in using motorized vehicles for outdoor recreation include:

Accessible Hunting

There are plenty of accessible opportunities to connect with the outdoors and participate in hunting sports.

Resources for those interested in hunting include:

Resources For Accessible Outdoor Sports and Activities

Resources for accessible outdoor sports and activities are included below: